The liver is the largest glandular organ of the human body and the second largest organ besides our skin.

It is located below the diaphragm, in the upper abdominal cavity.

It has a characteristic wedge shape with a base pointing to the right➡ and a tip pointing to the left⬅.

Liver’s weight reaches 2400 grams when it is full of blood, and in a bloodless state – about 1500 grams.


❗It performs a variety of important  functions for the body. For that reason, it is classified as a “chemical laboratory” of the human body. Some of them are: secretion of bile, participation in fat metabolism, pigment metabolism, detoxifies the harmful things we take in (like alcohol).

The nutrients and hormones insulin and glucagon are transported into the liver by the portal vein (v. Portae).

Interesting facts from human medicine:

📌The liver is the only internal organ that has the amazing ability to regenerate itself, and it only needs as little as 25% of the original tissue to do so.

📌The liver is the blood depot in the human body. It contains about 10% of the total amount of blood.

The liver consists of four lobes: the larger right lobe and left lobe, and the smaller caudate lobe and quadrate lobe. The falciform ligament devides the left and right lobe and connects the liver to the abdominal wall.

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